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the invention of pottery enabled better food storage, but heavy pots made sense only in a society that occupied one place for long periods of time Source: National Park Service, Southeastern Prehistory - Middle Woodland Period The climate and the environment in Virginia changed at the end of the last Ice Age, 18,000 years ago.
Native Americans responded by changing their technology for hunting, placing smaller points on their spears and hunting smaller game as the large mammals disappeared and deciduous forest expanded to cover Virginia.
Groups of people began to occupy houses in one location for a longer part of the year - presumably between the time crops were planted and harvested.
People on more-sedentary communities began to use pottery.
The changes were imported into Virginia either as people migrated directly into Virginia, or as new ideas were transmitted gradually between groups of people living near each other.
Clay pots were fragile, not suitable for carrying on long hunting expeditions.On hot summer days, it would have been exhausting work to zig-zag up narrow steps carved into the sides of the growing artificial mountain, dump a basket where directed by a prehistoric engineer, and then return for another load.At the top of the mound was a unique and powerful vista enjoyed by just a few people.We do find enigmatic symbols preserved in a limestone cave at Paint Lick Mountain in Tazewell County.
Someone drew figures on the wall, creating geometric designs as well as shapes of humans and animals, using fingers dipped in red pigment.The one other rock art site in Virginia is also thought to date from the Mississippian Period.Three hand glyphs were painted inside a rock shelter at Little Mountain in Nottoway County.combs carved from antlers, found at Bowman Mound near Linville (Rockingham County) Source: National Park Service, Rock Creek Park: Prehistoric Landscapes of the Nation's Capital Pottery developed initially in the southeast, between northern Florida-North Carolina (perhaps initially near Stallings Island on the Savannah River), before it appeared in Virginia.